# 3 2 Calculate a Break-Even Point in Units and Dollars Principles of Accounting, Volume 2: Managerial Accounting

For example, assume that in an extreme case the company has fixed costs of \$20,000, a sales price of \$400 per unit and variable costs of \$250 per unit, and it sells no units. It would realize a loss of \$20,000 (the fixed costs) since it recognized no revenue or variable costs. This loss explains why the company’s cost graph recognized costs (in this example, \$20,000) even though there were no sales. If it subsequently sells units, the loss would be reduced by \$150 (the contribution margin) for each unit sold. This relationship will be continued until we reach the break-even point, where total revenue equals total costs.

If you are a new business then a break-even analysis can enable you to get the funding you need. This can work for businesses that are already running for a few years too. Break-even point analysis prepares you and shows you if you might need to take debt in the future.

## Break-Even Points Formula based on Units:

While you might have a breakthrough idea, it might not be the best option in the current scenario. Or it might be way too long before you see actual results and enjoy profits. Break-even analysis helps you lower your risk of going through with such ideas as it gives you a realistic picture of profitability. You can then decide accordingly whether you still want to pursue your idea or not. This means Sam needs to sell just over 1800 cans of the new soda in a month, to reach the break-even point. Both options could lower the break-even point, so a company can sell fewer TVs than it used to and still pay its costs.

• Thus, to calculate break-even point at a particular after-tax income, the only additional step is to convert after-tax income to pre-tax income prior to utilizing the break-even formula.
• There are two basic ways to calculate a business break-even point – one is based on the number of units of product sold, and the other is based on the points in sales dollars.
• On the other hand, if this were applied to a put option, the breakeven point would be calculated as the \$100 strike price minus the \$10 premium paid, amounting to \$90.
• You can then decide accordingly whether you still want to pursue your idea or not.

Consider the following example in which an investor pays a \$10 premium for a stock call option, and the strike price is \$100. The breakeven point would equal the \$10 premium plus the \$100 strike price, or \$110. On the other hand, if this were applied to a put option, the breakeven point would be calculated as the \$100 strike price minus the \$10 premium paid, amounting to \$90. If the stock is trading at a market price of \$170, for example, the trader has a profit of \$6 (breakeven of \$176 minus the current market price of \$170). Assume an investor pays a \$4 premium for a Meta (formerly Facebook) put option with a \$180 strike price. That allows the put buyer to sell 100 shares of Meta stock (META) at \$180 per share until the option’s expiration date.

The break-even point is not a general value and will vary from business to business. For instance, a company that sells televisions must sell 400 TVs annually to break even. The break-even point in economics, business, cost accounting, and financial is inventory a current asset planning is one of the simplest and most commonly used analytical tools. Break-even analysis is an important way to help calculate the risks involved in your endeavor and determine whether they’re worthwhile before you invest in the process.

## What is Break-Even Analysis?

It is not intended to 100% accurately determine your accounting or financing since those calculations can only be done after all costs and production have occurred. It’s also a good idea to throw a little extra, say 10%, into your break-even analysis to cover miscellaneous expenses that you can’t predict. You would not be able to calculate the break-even quantity of units unless you have revenue and variable cost per unit. Alternatively, the break-even point can also be calculated by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin.

Just because the break-even analysis determines the number of products you need to sell, there’s no guarantee that they will sell. Each loft is sold for \(\\$500\), and the cost to produce one loft is \(\\$300\), including all parts and labor. As you can see, the \(\\$38,400\) in revenue will not only cover the \(\\$14,000\) in fixed costs, but will supply Marshall & Hirito with the \(\\$10,000\) in profit (net income) they desire. Thus, to calculate break-even point at a particular after-tax income, the only additional step is to convert after-tax income to pre-tax income prior to utilizing the break-even formula.

## What Are the Components of Break-Even Analysis?

This \$40 reflects the amount of revenue collected to cover the remaining fixed costs, which are excluded when figuring the contribution margin. There are two popular methods that are often used to calculate the break-even point using the break even point formula. Both these methods require you to know your fixed costs, variable costs, and sales price. The fixed costs are those which don’t depend on the volume of sales such as rent, insurance, taxes, and loan payments. The variable costs are those which are directly dependent on the sales volume such as manufacturing costs, commissions, packaging, and labor costs.

## Nase – Break-even Analysis Calculator

Ideally, you should conduct this financial analysis before you start a business so you have a good idea of the risk involved. Existing businesses should conduct this analysis before launching a new product or service to determine whether or not the potential profit is worth the startup costs. As you’ve learned, break-even can be calculated using either contribution margin per unit or the contribution margin ratio. Now that you have seen this process, let’s look at an example of these two concepts presented together to illustrate how either method will provide the same financial results. This calculation demonstrates that Hicks would need to sell \(725\) units at \(\\$100\) a unit to generate \(\\$72,500\) in sales to earn \(\\$24,000\) in after-tax profits. Since we earlier determined \(\\$24,000\) after-tax equals \(\\$40,000\) before-tax if the tax rate is \(40\%\), we simply use the break-even at a desired profit formula to determine the target sales.

If customer demand and sales are higher for the company in a certain period, its variable costs will also move in the same direction and increase (and vice versa). In stock and option trading, break-even analysis is important in determining the minimum price movements required to cover trading costs and make a profit. Traders can use break-even analysis to set realistic profit targets, manage risk, and make informed trading decisions.

Break-even analysis also can help companies determine the level of sales (in dollars or in units) that is needed to make a desired profit. The process for factoring a desired level of profit into a break-even analysis is to add the desired level of profit to the fixed costs and then calculate a new break-even point. We know that Hicks Manufacturing breaks even at 225 Blue Jay birdbaths, but what if they have a target profit for the month of July? By calculating a target profit, they will produce and (hopefully) sell enough bird baths to cover both fixed costs and the target profit. We know that Hicks Manufacturing breaks even at \(225\) Blue Jay birdbaths, but what if they have a target profit for the month of July?

Break-even analysis in economics, business, and cost accounting refers to the point at which total costs and total revenue are equal. A break-even point analysis is used to determine the number of units or dollars of revenue needed to cover total costs (fixed and variable costs). For example, if a product sells for \$200 each, and the total variable costs are \$80 per unit, the contribution margin is \$120 (\$200 – \$80). The \$120 is the income earned after deducting variable costs and needs to be enough to cover the company’s fixed costs.

## Break-even analysis using sales dollars

It must be paid whether the company does not produce a single product or produces a million products in it. Break-even analysis can help determine those answers before you make any big decisions. For example, if the demand for your product is smaller than the number of units you’ll need to sell to breakeven, it may not be worth bringing the product to market at all.